Part of one of the largest natural monuments from last Ice Age in Europe.
Melting and retreat of the last large ice sheet covering Scandinavia (Weichsel) was fluctuating. Colder periods, such as Younger Dryas, 12 800 -11 500 years ago, led to ice advances and formation af large marginal moraines. The Ra morain is the result after the ice standing more or less still in a period of 300 years. A large pile of different rocks, boulders, sand and clay was deposited and later reworked by sea and wave action.
Different rocks at Mølen
The glacier picked up at transported a lot av rocks from the southeastern part of Norway. Main source area is the landscape north and northwest to Mølen, but you may also find specimens from areas in the northeast. You might find ass much as 100 different rocks, some of them are very characterisitic and easy to recognise.
Quartzites from Telemark
Gneises from Kongsberg and Meheia
Limestones from Grenland or other areas with Cambro-Silurian rocks (Oslo area)
Sandstone from Ringerike
Granite from Drammen
Rhomb porphyries from Vestfold
Larvikte from Larvik area
Syenites from Larvik area
Chert from Denmark, most likely brought to Mølen by floating ice bergs, floating close to the retreating glacier (not so common)
The solid rocks at Mølen
If you leave the boulders at the shore and head along the blue marked coast trail northeastwards, you will se black rock formations, some of them with white spots. These are Permian volcanic rocks, once flowing out from large volcanoes. The ultramafic, for the most lava flows where formed while the Oslo Rift opened up. 301 million years ago. These rocks are rare on a global basis, since they are the result of partial melting of metasomatized lithospheric mantle.The white minerals are mainly albite, sometimes calcite.
Guidelines for maintaining this historic site and to protect its cultural and natural values!
It is not allowed to climb on the mounds or to move any of the rocks from which they are built.
Nor is it allowed to erect new stone constructions or move rocks to make sheltered depressions for sunbathing.
Making fire is not allowed and we strongly advise against disposable charcoal grills.